World War II

               NSDAP flag



The Blutfahne (Blood Banner or Blood Flag) was the flag of the 5th SA Sturme that was covered in blood from the nazi martyrs, mainly of Andreas Bauriedl who fell on top of the flag of the failed Beer Hall Putsch 9 Nov 1923. Heinrich Trambauer, who carried the flag during the Putsch, took the flag to a friend at Theatinerstrasse 30 where he took the flag from the staff and left with it hidden inside his windjacket. Later Karl Eggers asked Trambauer where the flag was and was given it by Trambauer. Eggers then gave the flag to a man named Gräf for safe keeping. Eggers later took the flag back and possibly left it with a Viktoria Edrich living at Türkenstrasse 23. After Hitler was released from Landsberg Prison, Eggers gave the flag to him. It was then fitted to a new staff and hip-knob, just below the hip-knob was a silver dedication sleeve which bore the names of three martyrs from the Putsch who had been members of the 6th company: Bauriedl, Heckenberger and von Stransky.


The flag was presented by Hitler to the SA at the Party Rally held at Weimar on 4 July 1926 and was from that time known as the Blutfahne.

Hitler used it to consecrated new party colors by touching them with one hand while holding the Blutfahne with the other. It was presented to the SS for safekeeping 9 Nov 1926, an indication of the importance of the SS as a small but dedicated and faithful organisation in contrast to the SA. Joseph Berchtold, the leader of the SS at the time, selected Trambauer to once again carry the banner, but due to ill health, Trambauer was not always able to carry the Blutfahne. Accordingly Berchtonld requested Jacob Grimminger to help and they would be the dual carriers of the Blutfahne. Trambauer received a fractured skull during a street fight with Communists and never recovered, though he lived until 1942, and Grimminger became the sole bearer of the Blutfahne.